Used as a measure of overall health and as a way to recognize underlying medical conditions, blood pressure is a medical term for the efficiency of your heart. The measurement is performed in two measurements; systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is a measure of how hard your heart pumps blood around your body, with diastolic referring to the resting pressure between heartbeats. Measurements are made using a gadget called a sphygmomanometer and are recorded in mm / Hg. The two values are expressed as systolic over diastolic. A healthy heart has a performance between 90/60 mm / Hg and 120/80 mm / Hg.
Blood pressure values of 120/80 mm Hg or less are considered normal. During exercise, systolic blood pressure may temporarily increase by 20-30mm Hg, but decrease within minutes of completing the workout. Studies show that a very fit person who exercises regularly will have lower resting blood pressure (usually less than 120/80 mm Hg) than someone who leads a sedentary lifestyle. Regular physical activity can strengthen your heart. When your heart is stronger, it can pump more blood without less effort. Exercise also triggers the secretion of nitric oxide in the lining of the arteries, which keeps blood vessels elastic and allows blood to flow more easily. Therefore, adding moderate physical activity to your daily routine can help keep your blood pressure healthy.
Hypertension, also known as hypertension, is a common disease that develops when blood flows through the arteries at a higher than normal pressure. Your blood pressure is made up of two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Systolic pressure is the pressure when the ventricles pump blood out of the heart. Diastolic pressure is the pressure between heartbeats when the heart fills with blood. Your blood pressure changes throughout the day based on your activities. For most adults, normal blood pressure is below 120 over 80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), which is your systolic pressure reading versus your diastolic pressure reading – 120/80 mm Hg. Your blood pressure is considered high if you have consistent systolic readings of 130 mm Hg or higher or diastolic readings of 80 mm Hg or higher.